The Occupational Safety and Health Act of the 1970s, was created by the United States Department of Labor to prevent fatalities, injuries and illness within the workplace. This Act soon paved the way for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, now commonly known as, OSHA.
OSHA is responsible for both setting and enforcing workplace health and safety standards for companies to comply with. Some of these standards include, having full fall protection and prevention of exposure to harmful substances that could be found within the workplace. To make sure employers are following these requirements, OSHA's highly trained professionals carry out workplace inspections without giving any notice. If the workplace does not comply with OSHA standards, the company will have to improve their workplace health and safety and will have a limited time to pay their citation. The companies that fail to pay their citation will face costly consequences and penalties.
In covering both employees and employers under the Federal Government, OSHA has had success cut the workplace fatality rate by more than half and has greatly reduced workplace related illness.